How many children does Queen Elizabeth have? Meet the 4 heirs

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Who are Queen Elizabeth II’s children? Queen Elizabeth II died at the age of 96 and raised curiosity about the line of succession. King Charles III has inherited the reign, but who else is part of the royal family? Here’s a brief primer on how many children Queen Elizabeth has and what to know about Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward.

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How many children does Queen Elizabeth have? Meet the 4 heirs

Queen Elizabeth II has 4 children. The monarch became a mother more than 70 years ago when she welcomed her first child, Prince Charles, in 1948. The Queen then gave birth to Princess Anne in 1950, just three years before she was thrust into one of the world’s most prominent positions as Britain’s reigning monarch and head of the Commonwealth.

After her first two children, Queen Elizabeth II waited over a decade before having more – after all, she was busy being queen. She and Prince Philip welcomed their third child, Prince Andrew, in 1960, and their youngest, Prince Edward, in 1964.

Here’s what we know about the Queen’s relationship with each of her children.


King Charles III is first among the children Queen Elizabeth has

Now King Charles III, His Highness was born Charles Philip Arthur George on 14 November 1948. While his own children and three of his grandchildren were born in the same hospital – the Lindo Wing of St. Mary’s in London – Charles was born in Buckingham Palace.

According to biographer Sally Bedell Smith, while Elizabeth was “delighted” by her first baby, she was often absent when Charles was a child, instead traveling to stay with Prince Philip in Malta, where he had been posted to the Royal Navy service. Smith wrote: “Prince Philip barely knew his son for the first two years of the boy’s life, though on his return from overseas duty he took time to teach Charles to shoot and fish and swim in the pool at Buckingham Palace.”

Prince Charles was 4 years old at the time of his mother’s coronation in 1953, and his royal engagements, including a six-month tour of the Commonwealth, took her and Philip around the world, while Charles and his sister stayed at home with their caretakers. .

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Princess Anne, only child of Prince Philip and Elizabeth

Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise was born on 15 August 1950, at the London royal residence Clarence House, where Elizabeth and Philip lived until 1953. The 72-year-old royal currently holds the title of Anne, Princess Royal, and at the time of her birth she she was second in line to the throne after Charles. Since then, subsequent royal births have moved Queen Elizabeth II’s daughter to 14th in the line of succession.

Like all British royalty, Princess Anne’s public image is largely shaped by how the UK media infers her every move. In Anne’s case, some members of the press have given her the (very harsh) nickname of her royal rudeness, although reports of her allegedly rude behavior suggest possibly sexist discomfort with her direct manner.

Anne’s reputation as a courageous and sensible lady was reinforced by her reaction to a failed kidnapping attempt against the princess in 1974. In her demand for a hefty ransom, she reportedly replied, “Not likely.” In 2019, she achieved more viral fame when she appeared to snub President Trump during a reception by NATO leaders at Buckingham Palace, although a source in a 2020 Vanity Fair profile says she was “unhappy to be dragged into this story in 2019.” particular because it has always been careful not to be seen as political in any way.”

Princess Anne is an acclaimed equestrian and was named the BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1971 by Vanity Fair. “I thought if I was going to do anything outside of the royal family, horses would probably be the best way to do it,” Anne said in the interview.

Princess Anne, like her brother Charles, was married twice. She married Captain Mark Phillips in 1973, with whom she shares children Peter Phillips and Zara Tindall. Anne and Philips split in 1989, according to the New York Times. Shortly after her divorce in 1992, she remarried to Vice Admiral Timothy Laurence, her current husband.

Prince Andrew

Finally, how many children does Queen Elizabeth have? Her Majesty gave birth to Andrew Albert Christian Edward – or as we know him, Prince Andrew, Duke of York – at Buckingham Palace on February 19, 1960.

Prince Andrew married Sarah “Fergie” Ferguson in 1986, and two daughters: Beatrice and Eugenie. The couple divorced in 1996.

Prince Andrew, Duke of York with Sarah Ferguson after the announcement of their engagement, Buckingham Palace, London, 17 March 1986.

Prince Andrew has most recently been at the center of another tabloid scandal: he is accused of participating in the sex trafficking ring of late financier and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, who died in prison in 2019 – allegations denied by both the prince and the Palace. The prince’s denials, which he attempted to elaborate in a high-profile interview on the BBC’s Newsnight, were followed by an announcement on 20 November 2019 that the Duke of York “will step away from public duties for the foreseeable future”.

Prince Edward, the Queen’s youngest son

The birth of Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis presented a major break with tradition: he was the first of Elizabeth’s children to be born with Prince Philip in the delivery room. As the Independent notes, royal biographer Ingrid Seward wrote that the Duke of Edinburgh was “holding his wife’s hand” when their youngest child was born on March 10, 1964.

“The Queen, then 37, asked him to be there,” wrote Seward in his book My Husband and I: The Inside Story Of 70 Years Of Royal Marriage. “She was reading women’s magazines that emphasized the importance of involving parents in childbirth and was fascinated by the idea.”

In 1968, when Edward was 4 years old, the royal family allowed a production crew into their home in an attempt to give viewers a glimpse into how (supposedly) normal they really were. The documentary – and the mixed audience reaction to it – appears in The Crown season 3. “They don’t want you to be ‘normal,’” Prime Minister Harold Wilson (Jason Watkins) told Queen Elizabeth II.

Edward stayed out of the spotlight (and tabloid headlines) more than his brothers. He married Sophie Rhys-Jones in 1999 and the couple have two children, Lady Louise Windsor and James Viscount Severn.

Of all the four brothers, Edward has been the most interested in the arts.

At age 23, Edward worked as a production assistant for Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Really Useful Theater Company. Some of his own ventures in the entertainment industry were not so successful. In what The Guardian called a “public relations disaster”, Edward convinced his family members to attend a benefit based on a British game show called It’s a Knockout.

Edward’s production company Ardent, which created TV dramas and documentaries, was disbanded in 2011. He is currently a full-time royal.

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